Author Archives: Elsa

What Is Washi Tape: Functional and Decorative Washi Tape Uses

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So what is washi tape? Many people have heard the term but are unsure of the many potential decorative washi tape uses, and how it can best be employed once it has been purchased. In fact it has dozens of uses, and many use it as gift wrap or as an everyday item in their home. We shall explain here what this type of craft tape can be used for, including its sealing tape and decorative properties. Fundamentally, it is a type of Japanese paper. In fact the name itself indicates that: Wa + shi = Japanese + paper.

How is WASHI Tape Made?

Washi tape is produced from the pulped fibers of a number of plant species. Among these are fibers from the rice plant, hemp, bamboo, the mitsamuta shrub and gampi bark. The source is largely irrelevant to its main properties, which are fundamentally those of a regular paper masking tape. It is easily torn, can printed and possesses adhesive properties light enough to be peeled off the substrate but strong enough to be of use for packaging.

Unlike normal paper made from wood pulp, washi tape possesses a semi-translucent quality, so that you see light shining through it. Two of the main reasons why it is so special are that it can be printed in an unlimited range of colors and patterns, and it offers a beautiful option for those seeking a strong craft tape that can also be used for packaging. The tape can even be peeled from tissue paper if done carefully.

Washi Tape Uses

There are many washi tape uses. It can be printed with single solid colors, or with any beautiful design for use as a decorative tape for craft or functional applications. Because of its unusual strength for a form of paper, this unique tape is used to decorate and secure a number of household items where a strong bond is not essential.

Some use it to fix notes to their freezer or wallboards, and it is also useful for sealing small gifts. However, because washi tape can be peeled off, there is a compromise between its sealing power and removability. It is not recommended for sealing bulky or heavy packages, but is a lovely way to seal light packets intended for special people.

When using it to seal light packaging always make sure the substrate is dry and non-greasy, and that your hands are clean when you apply it. It is not a good security tape, but its decorative properties are excellent!

Washi tape is a popular decorating medium for items such as flower pots, vases, lampshades and tablet and laptop covers. It is also useful for decorating cups, saucers, tumblers, glasses and other forms of tableware because it offers a degree of water resistance. However, there are many different types of this tape, and not all will resist being washed with water unless done very gently.

Many Japanese use washi tape to decorate their chopsticks. You can use the tape to identify your own cutlery and crockery in a student flat, or to turn an ordinary table or desk into a beautiful work of art. The uses to which this decorative sealing and craft tape can be put are limited only by your imagination.

Craft Tape or Cosmetic Tape?

Washi tape has a number of cosmetic uses. You can brighten up your personal appearance by using adhesive washi tape on your toenails and fingernails. Brighten up your bicycle frame and decorate your car or van with this extremely versatile tape. You can use it on any smooth surface, even glass. If used on your windows, its semi-translucent properties will literally make the design glow.

It is because it is available in a wide variety of beautiful designs and vibrant colors that it has become so popular worldwide. Yes, it can be used a packaging tape for small parcels (though check its strength on these first), and it has several more functional uses that you can likely think of, but it is for their beauty that such tapes are popular.

You can’t go wrong by using washi tape for any decorative or craft purpose. It has not been so popular all round the world for no reason – washi tape speaks for itself and you will be astounded by its beauty when you first use it.

Washi Tape Summary

So, what is washi tape? It is a Japanese craft tape that can be used a sealing tape or for decorative purposes. It can easily be removed and reused for another purpose. It can be cleaned with a damp cloth, but only if you treat it gently and do not rub it hard. Its translucent properties offer a number of opportunities for its use to decorate lampshades and even fluorescent light tubes. Quite frankly, the potential uses of this beautiful tape are limited only by your imagination… and it seals packages!


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Natural Soap Colorants

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There are many options when it comes to coloring your homemade soap. Artificial colorants are often more vibrant than natural colorants, but many people like the idea of using all-natural ingredients in their soap.

There are also safety concerns with some artificial colorants, and they can have some unanticipated effects on the final soap product. If you decide to use natural colorants for your soap, there are endless possibilities to choose from, and you can give your soap almost any hue you desire.

Many of the natural materials you can use to color soap can be found in your kitchen, or local supermarket, and many are already used to color food and drug products.

These dyes can easily be extracted from fruits, vegetables, spices and even your morning coffee.

For example, beets will yield a dye that is bright purple, and depending on how much you use, will turn your soap pale pink to a deep red. To make the dye, cut the beets into half-inch slices, and boil three cups of beet slices in two cups of water.

Red onions will produce a red dye that will turn your soap reddish-brown; to make the dye you’ll use only the skin, so the onions can be used for cooking later.

Remove the outermost dry layers of skin, and the first moist layer; boil two cups of skins in three cups of water.

Red cabbage, oddly enough, produces an inky blue dye, which can be used to color soap pastel to deep blue.

Shred one head of cabbage, and boil it in two cups of water until the cabbage itself is a pale blue.

If the dye you get using these methods isn’t concentrated enough for your tastes, simply boil the mixture longer to evaporate more water.

Be sure to strain the liquid through cheesecloth before use, to ensure that any vegetable matter is removed.

Typically, you will add your homemade dye at trace, or when hand-milling a batch of cold-process soap.

You can use spices to dye soap as well, but the dye needs to be oil-based, instead of water-based.

Making an oil-based dye from spices involves three simple steps. First, mix two teaspoons of the spice with two tablespoons of oil. Let the spice soak in the oil for a while.

Next, heat the oil and spice mixture in the microwave for one to two minutes. Finally, strain the mixture through cheesecloth, or a coffee filter, to remove the spice particles, and you’ll be left with an oil-based dye that retained the color of the spice you used. Here is a list of some common food-based, homemade dyes, and the colors they will yield in your soap. (Always test dyes before use, to avoid unwanted results in final soap product.)

oAlfalfa – medium green

oAlkanet – deep purple to muted blue

oBeet root – muted pink to red

oGround calendula petals – yellow

oCarrots – yellow to orange

oGround chamomile – yellow-beige

oChlorophyll – medium green

oCinnamon – tan to brown (can be an irritant)

oCloves – brown

oCochineal powder – deep red

oCocoa powder – brown

oCoffee – brown to black

oComfrey root – light milky brown

oCucumber – bright green

oCurry powder – yellow

oElderberries – light brown (steep in lye solution)

oHenna, ground – olive green, drab green, greenish-brown

oIndigo root – deep blues (can stain)

oJojoba beads – come in many colors, and are exfoliating

oKaolin Clay – white

oKelp/seaweed – green

oMadder root – rosy red to purple

oMilk (goat’s or cow’s) – tan to brown, depending upon sugar & fat content

oMoroccan Red Clay – brick red

oPaprika – light peach to salmon (can be an irritant)

oPoppy Seeds – blue-grey to black specks

oPumice, ground – grey (also exfoliating)

oPumpkin, pureed – deep orange

oRattanjot – lavender to purple

oRose Pink Clay – brick red

oRosehips, ground – tan to deep brown

oSafflower Petals – yellow to deep orange

oSaffron – yellow

oSage – green

oSpinach – light green

oSpirulina – blue-green

oTitanium Dioxide – bright white

oTurmeric – gold to amber


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How To Care For Your Mudcloth

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The African mud cloth is an intriguing piece of artwork that has been made for centuries. Originally from the nation of Mali, the cotton-based fabric is a cultural treasure, and the unique designs that adorn it are handmade by African artisans.

Once the cotton strips are sewn together on a loom, they are then stitched together by a professional tailor, so that the cloth becomes large enough to suit various functions, such as for curtains, furniture covers, or clothing.

The delicate process of making and painting a mudcloth involves many coats of using fermented mud which was gathered from local African rivers. The artists use this mud to create the darker portions of their designs, and then use a caustic solution to bleach the areas that are not covered with mud.

Thus, whenever you find yourself with a mudcloth, whether you bought it, are borrowing it, or are just caring for it, you need to keep in mind that it is fundamentally made of cotton– which is a perishable material– and mud, which can be washed off significantly if the cleaning process is too harsh. This is a fabric that needs extra special attention and care to last long. And, if you’re an interior designer, you might be interested in a long-lasting African mud cloth from Acaciawood.

So, the first step in caring for the mud cloth is pre-washing it. This is a simple step used to prepare the cloth for the various crafts or sewing that you might use it for. This pre-washing will remove any excess dirt or dye that still might be in the material. After this stage, the fabric will become softer and smoother to the touch.

Before doing the pre-wash, or any kind of washing of the mudcloth, it is best to test a small piece of any part of the fabric to make sure the cleaning agent and/or detergent works properly. If you have never cleaned a mudcloth before with a certain kind of detergent, it is best to test it. But, once you know that a detergent works well, you can use it on future mudcloths.

Most detergents will work well, but it is best to take the extra precaution. Avoid using the harsher kinds of detergents and soaps as you can never be quite sure of the chemical reaction that might take place with the dyes of the fabric and the cleaning agent.

The precise method of cleaning can be by machine washing, or by hand washing. If you decide that you will clean your mudcloth in a washing machine, the best thing for you to do is place the fabric in a lingerie bag and wash it in cold water. You also want to use a gentle cycle with not too much agitation, and a mild detergent without extra chemicals (as mentioned above). Avoid the warm water and harsher cycles on your machine as this may cause extra wear on the fabric and cause the colors to fade.

Also note that in the washing the water may turn a dark color initially due to the presence of the mud dyes. This is normal, but your washing machine may require an extra rinse before you wash other clothes. To dry, hang it up in the sun, or lay it out flat to dry. The mudcloth can be ironed with a steam-iron if you so desire, although keep in mind that too much steam will wear out the fabric in the long-term. Use the “cotton” setting on the iron or a cooler setting.


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4 Things You Can Make With Metal Beads Besides Jewelry

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Beads are one of the most diverse craft item you can find and use to make all sorts of projects. Metal beads in particular add an interesting accent to any piece. Jewelry is not the only thing you can make with these fantastic supplies however. There are tons of projects you can do as a family, for profit, or just as an interesting pastimes. Here are four things you can make with these beads that are not jewelry.

#1 – Adornments

Adornments, for shirts, hats, purses, and sneakers, are a great thing to use these beads for. Make your shoes really stand out by lacing the beads into your shoelaces and the sides of the shoe. Go steampunk retro by stitching a few copper beads into your white lace shirt. Print out your favorite sports team logo on a ball cap with some beads, and you are sure to stand out at the next ball game. All of these crafts require, is a simple grasp of sewing and a good imagination.

#2 – Ornaments

You can also make whole ornaments and structures out of these attractive beads. Transform a drab and regular Christmas ornament with some lace and decorative beads. Create your own miniature wind chime set by setting larger beads against a metal plate with good resonance. Tassels and ornamental statues can also be spruced up with a well-made metal bead wrapping or seat. These beads also make interesting barrier screens, for those still into beaded gateways.

#3 – Three Dimensional Crafts

Other beads are used for toys and bookmarks, why not metal beads? A beaded elephant toy is fun, and would look even better with a steely beaded body. Mark your place with a beaded bookmark. Industrial flower arrangements with beads look great as well with the right colors. Woven works with unique beads are also a huge hit, you can even make the skeletons of buildings with the right tools. As with other projects, the possibilities are only limited by your imagination.

#4 – Clothing

Beaded clothing has gone out of style during the last few years, but that is not stopping you from trying on a metal beaded shirt. These fun projects will be the center of your “goofy day” wardrobe. You can make this shirt with all colors and styles of different beads to create a cool color pattern or design. This is a great, fun thing to wear at the club, or goofy casual office days. Be careful if you are allergic to certain metals, as many metal beads are composed of several different metal composites.

Conclusion

The most important thing to remember when crafting with beads, is to have fun and be creative. You can make almost anything with the right tools and an imaginative mind. Next time you are looking for a fun and expressive craft item to try, consider using metal beads in your next piece.


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Saponification – How to Make Soap

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What is saponification? It is a scientific term, often, used when making homemade soap. Saponification is a chemical reaction that occurs between oil and lye. What is it important? Each soap making oil has certain saponification values and properties which contribute to more than making soap. These oils help to form many homemade skin care products such as: soaps, lotions, creams, foot scrubs, shampoos, face cream, lip balms, and more! Understanding saponification, its values and how ingredients work together will help you choose the right ingredients for your homemade skin care products. What should you consider?

Soap making oils contain different acidic ingredients: lauric, myristic, palmitic, stearic, linoleic, oleic and ricinoleic. Each of these ingredients are contained in soap making oils at different percentages. When you consider the percentage values, of each ingredient, it will help you make the right soap making choice for your homemade skin care products. For example, lauric, myristic, palmitic and stearic acids help to provide a hard bar of soap. Most people would rather have a hard bar of soap instead of something soft and mushy. If you want soap that provides a nice fluffy lather then you may consider using a soap making oil containing lauric, myristic, or ricinoleic acids. If you would rather have soap that did not lather, fully, but had a stable, subdued, lather then palmitic, stearic or ricinoleic acids would be a good choice. If you are making soap, lotions or other homemade skin care products with added conditioning properties then linoleic and oleic acids would be beneficial.

Saponification values are given for homemade bar soap with the abbreviations NoAH. They are, also, given for homemade liquid soap with the abbreviations KOH. The science definitions for NoAH is sodium hydroxide and for KOH, it is potassium hydroxide. NoAH and KOH saponification values occur for many different soap making oils. It is important to consider each value before making homemade soap or any homemade skin care product!

Saponification is the key to understanding the scientific formation of soap. Handmade soaps are formulated using a combination of emollient oils and butters, such as: olive, avocado, cocoa or shea butter. The lathering oils may be added such as: coconut or palm kernel oils. All of these oils are mixed together with liquid saturated lye. How will you know when the saponification process is complete? You will know because there will be no more lye left in the mixture. In reality, each type of soap making oil requires a different amount of lye to produce the complete reaction. Today’s savonnier has tools to calculate exact ratios of specific oils to lye.

When making homemade soap or any homemade skin care products you should heed all warnings! Potent chemicals such as essential oils and lye should always be respected. Make sure you take the proper safety precautions before using these chemicals. Large amounts of essential oils should never be used externally or internally. They should never be used straight, but should be diluted in a carrier oil, soap, lotion or other buffering agent. Never use essential oils without knowing what their bioactive compounds are known to do. When handling lye make sure you are wearing proper safety coverings. Lye can cause extremely painful burns if it contacts skin. If you happen to spill lye, clean the entire area with white vinegar to neutralize its effects.

It is important to know, you should not substitute oils in soap making recipes. Why? Each soap making oil has a specific saponification value, which specifies the number of lye molecules needed to turn a molecule of oil into soap. If there is extra lye left in the soap, it will be too harsh and will damage your skin. This is why understanding the meaning of saponification and how it works is so very important when making homemade soap or any homemade skin care products!

If you are a beginner or veteran soap maker you can learn how to make soap, at home, with a master soap maker! You can waste a lot of time, money and energy trying to figure out the soap making process on your own. A master soap maker can help you get started or refresh your memory! Making homemade skin care products is a serious matter, so learn how to make soap from someone with years of experience and plenty of patience! A master soap maker can help save you time, money and lots of heartaches. You can achieve soap making success with the proper guidance!


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Adhesives – Seven Ways to Make Paper Craft Projects Without Using Glue and Tape

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It is very easy to reach for my double sided tape or any of my various glues when paper crafting. One of the things I love about paper is that there are often many ways to achieve the result you want. Adhering things with glues and tapes are just one way of making your elements stay where you want them. Come with me to look at a few other ideas for making things stick!

You can make your project without any adhesives at all. Taking a challenge to do so is a fun way to inspire yourself. Here are seven ways you could make your project without adhesives.

1. Brads

If you have been a paper crafter for awhile, you are probably familiar with brads. They are made of metal and come with a split pin backing that can be pushed through layers of paper to hold embellishments together. You often see them used in the middle of flower layers. There is no reason why you cannot use them in other ways such as to hold mats in place, to place tags where you want them, to bind together a small album or booklet, to make a swing tag to cover hidden journaling, to provide an anchor for ribbon or braid or cord, or as an embellishment in their own right. Use an odd number of brads in a row to draw the eye to a place on your page or card, make a curved line of them, or use them as corner points.

2. Stitching

Hand sewing or machine sewing can add a great deal to your pages and cards as well as being a convenient way of holding your elements together. Stitch together layers of cardstock or designer paper using straight lines or decorative stitching. Stitch around a photo using straight stitch or zig zag or blanket stitch to hold it to its mat (use a paper piercer and grid template first to make way for your needle and thread when hand stitching). Sew buttons onto your layout to hold things in place. Sew pages of an album together to bind them, with threads or yarn or string. Make a folded paper book with a stitched spine. Sew on felt or other materials to make flowers or any other shape you wish and then stitch them in place. Sew ribbon to your page.

Hint: If you use your sewing machine for paper crafting, be sure to keep a needle just for sewing paper. Stitching through paper will blunt your needle a little and may cause snags on fabric items afterward.

3. Clips and Other Hardware from the Stationers

Fossicking through stationery stores can reveal wonderful items for you to use in your paper crafting. Paper clips, little bulldog clips, pins, coloured staples and the like can all be used in place of brads or glues or tapes. Manufacturers are constantly coming out with new little trinkets for the Office. Why not incorporate them into your paper crafting projects?

4. Paper Folding, Cutting and Paper Crimping

Clever ways of folding or crimping paper can help you get by without adhesives too. Make slits in your paper to hold photos or mats at each corner. Make a row of slits and thread through ribbon, paper or a feather. Fold layers of paper together a few times and then punch through to add a brad or stitching. Use origami techniques on your project, folding flaps of paper over and tucking them under other layers of paper. Crimp papers together with a paper crimping tool. Investigate the stationers shop again to find paper binding tools that do not use staples, cleverly cutting and crimping the papers together without metals.

5. Magnets

Using magnets on a metal board or to hold elements in place can make for an interactive display. Using a magnet to hold a small book of journaling on your layout means people can pick it off the page, read it and place it back where it belongs. (Use another magnet on the reverse side of the page). Make paper pins that can be worn for special occasions and use magnets to allow people to wear them on their clothes (check to make sure no one has a pace maker before allowing them to wear a magnetic pin or it could interfere with the mechanism).

6. Velcro

Use Velcro to close your tag albums, make childrens fun books with elements that can be pulled off and placed back on the page at will. Sew Velcro to your page or element to keep it in place. Use Velcro to close a small paper box. Use it to make paper pins that can be worn on clothing, instead of using magnets.

7. Sealing Wax

Back before they manufactured glues and tapes i such abundance, people sealed paper envelopes and scrolls together with wax. There were special stamps and signet rings for pushing into hot wax to make decorative or informative pattern before the wax cooled. Try your hand at using sealing wax to make a special paper project. Use the wax to seal wedding invitations, for example. You can also use it on your cards or scrapbook pages to hold small elements in place.

And there you have it – seven ways to adhere paper together without the use of glues or tapes! There are other ways of making cards, layouts and off-the-page projects without the use of tape and glues. I encourage you to challenge yourself to find new ways of paper crafting and to share your ideas with me if you know if another way or two to make things without adhesives.


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Bamboo Craft – Plane Bamboo Weaving Technique

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The natural, durable and attractive bamboo not only makes mats, baskets and other handicraft but is also used for high-grade packaging, decorative panels, curtains and window blinds. The bamboo window blinds, in fact, not only give a classic touch to the interior decor of a room but keep it cool as well. Bamboo craft is based on its specific weaving techniques. These weaving techniques can be classified as plane weaving, dimensional weaving and mixed weaving. To begin with, a bamboo crafter must know the plane weaving technique for bamboo craft.

Plane bamboo weaving creates two dimensional or plane products like woven mats or carpets. It is different from method of making three dimensional products such as baskets, lampshades, figurines etc. Before weaving, the bamboo culms are processed as follows to make them apt for weaving.

Processing of Bamboo for Weaving

Green skin of the bamboo culm is removed by scraping off its green surface with the help of a blade. Force is applied evenly along the culm surface to ensure uniformly colored bamboo.

The upper edge of the culm section is flattened to facilitate stripping. A sharp knife is used to cut evenly around the edge. The culm section is divided into slivers of an equal width. The number of slivers depend upon the diameter of the culm. Cutting is done carefully from the edge downwards along the length of the culm. The slivers are then completely separated to form individual pieces.

Slivers are striped into fine layers. The knife is held with the blade horizontally against the upper 1/3 of the cross section sliver. First cut is made by nipping the blade into the sliver. Then the blade is placed 0.5 to 1 mm away from the first layer. After repeating the process for a required number of times, the layers are peeled off. The thickness of the layers depend upon the need of the intended woven product.

Layers are separated into fine strips by using both the hands. The strips may be lighter or darker in color from one another. They are arranged accordingly.

The bamboo strips are then dyed and bleached with the help of various materials such as dyes, sulfur, hydrogen peroxide or other chemicals. Soaking, boiling, washing, air drying etc. methods are used for the purpose.

Plane Weaving of Bamboo

Before moving on to the process of plane weaving of bamboo, there are two basic terminology that need to be understood by the novice bamboo weaver. These two terms are – Warp and Weft. Warp is the set of parallel bamboo stripes providing the foundation on which plane weaving is done. They are positioned lengthwise on the work bench or work area. Wefts are the bamboo stripes that are inserted widthwise under and over the warp in order to make a design.

The basic technique for plane bamboo weaving is that of weaving dots into pattern. It involves combining two colors of bamboo- one light and other dark- along the warp and weft of the bamboo strips. Color intensity and contrast in the patterns are created by changing the density of the dots woven under and over the warp.

There are many other traditional methods of bamboo weaving that are also interesting to know.


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How to Make Christmas Birch Branch Reindeer

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Christmas celebrations are unique in the terms of thematic decorations that give a festive face lift to any commercial or living space. This involves placing and redecorating several of the season’s special elements, apart from the Christmas tree. One such interesting addition is a handmade reindeer that can be placed at any strategic spot. Birch tree is the best option for such craft due to their cultural significance, availability, and easy designing. You will need to cut some small logs using saw and fixing some framework. Therefore, this craft is more suitable for the adults in the family, though children may be involved later at the decoration stage. Here are some easy tips to erect your own birch branch reindeer for the coming holidays.

Materials needed:

• Chainsaw or handsaw

• Drill

• Nails and hammer (optional)

• Birch tree branches, slightly thicker

• Thin branches or twigs from the same tree or any other suitable one

• Straight cylindrical rods made of wood or metal (dowel)

• Cotton balls, wool, or small pompoms

• Paint

• Glue

• Googly eyes (optional)

• Large red bead

• Small Christmas bell

• Evergreen branches of a flexible variety or suitable climbers

• Ribbons and laces

• Poinsettia (fresh or dried)

• Glitters

• Colorful berries (natural or artificial), tiny pine cones, ornaments or any suitable stuff used in small wreaths

Steps to make Christmas birch branch reindeer:

• Structure formation:

• Dissecting the branches: Cut the branches into two logs, one-half the size of the other.

• Smoothing: Use garden trimmer or knife to remove excess side branches, leaves, etc. and smooth the logs.

• Making hole: Drill a hole in both the logs, a few inches from one end. These holes should be proportionate to the diameter of the dowel.

• Forming body: Fix a dowel in both the holes in such a way that the larger forms the abdomen and the smaller, the head portion.

• Legs: Drill four holes for the legs and insert dowels. You may also use branches of the trees in place of the dowels.

• Antlers: Make holes for the antlers on the head and place twigs.

• Nose: Fix the red bead as nose.

• Eyes: Paint the entire structure, including eyes, in the natural shade of reindeer.

• Decoration: The main decoration is done to cover the dowel in the neck area and part of the legs. It is created in the form of a loosely shaped wreath.

• Branches: Take evergreen branches of appropriate size and form. Tie the ends.

• Ribbons: Tie ribbons in places around the closed loop.

• Accessorizing neck: Interlace other decorations, like golden painted pine-cones, berries, ornaments etc. Hand the entire adornment around the neck of the reindeer.

• Body cover: Cut a rectangular piece of red velvet cloth and lace it from all sides. Place the cloth on the back of the reindeer to give it the true holiday look!


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Five Kids Craft Ideas – Eggshell Igloos, Puzzles, Construction Set, Paper Hat and Mexican Balero

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Looking for some craft ideas that you can easily make with items around your house? Here are five kids craft ideas!

Eggshell Igloos: Eggshells can be used to make some very real-looking Eskimo houses. Use a pencil to draw doorways on the eggshells and to indicate the blocks of ice from which real igloos are made. Paste the eggshell edges to a piece of cotton so it will look as though the igloos are surrounded with snow.

Jigsaw Puzzles: A series of jigsaw puzzles will make a good present to take with you when you go to play at someone else’s house. Brightly colored greeting cards make good puzzles, especially those printed on heavy paper. Cut each greeting card into ten or twelve irregular shapes, then put the pieces in a clean, white envelope. A good way to keep the puzzles identified is to write on the front of each envelope a short description of the puzzle picture.

Match-Box Construction Set: A collection of match boxes (the kind that are used for safety matches) makes a splendid toy-construction set. The boxes may be used as separate blocks or may be joined together by pushing half of the inside of one box into the covering of a second box. Various building projects can be made with a match-box construction set.

Tissue-Paper Hat: Holiday season is a good time to make play hats because it is then usually possible to find some large pieces of fancy wrapping paper. Try to find a piece of paper that is around twenty inches long and ten inches wide. First fold the paper crosswise and pasted down on one end. Then fold a triangle at the top, and after that fold the peak down. Stickers can be used to hold the hat in place.

Mexican Balero: A home-made version of this toy is easy to make. Use a large spool, a pencil and a flat-bottomed paper cup. Punch a hole in the bottom of the cup and pull a string through the hole, then tie a knot in the end of the string so that the cup will not slip off. Tie the other end of the string to the pencil. The object of playing with this toy balero is to hold it by the pencil and toss up the cup so as to catch it on the spool.


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Five Steps to Making the Most of Enamel Paint

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Enamel paint is the Tasmanian devil of the arts and crafts world. It’s tricky to use, unpredictable when drying, and might even present problems once it’s dried. More than one eager young painter has set out on a craft or modeling project meaning to use enamel paint and wound up bitterly disappointed.

Make no mistake: enamel paint has its advantages. It’s tough as nails, will last a lifetime, and offers a sleek translucent finish that ordinary acrylic paints largely cannot. If you’re willing to work with it, enamel provides incredible advantages, especially when working with metal and ceramics, for example some kinds of models and decorative lawn accessories and handmade enamel jewelry.

The five steps below aren’t presented in order, but following all of them will make the painting more fun and help you protect your project in the years to come.

Prime time is forever.

If your subject is made of metal, wood, or plastic, you should apply at least one coat of primer before even the first drop of enamel goes on. Priming helps prevent mildew, mold, rust and warping while making sure your enamel paint is lustrous and smooth atop the surface of the subject matter. It’ll also prevent stickiness once the enamel paint dries.

Primer is available in both spray-can and liquid formats at both hardware and arts and crafts stores.

Don’t brush off.

Don’t be fooled into thinking that all brushes are all the same. Because enamel paints are oil based, they’ll adhere to the brush you used to apply them just as much as they will the subject matter.

Enamel paints require brushes that can handle their thickness and density. Make sure you have several before beginning your project, and remember to get two of three of each kind of brush just in case.

Thinner is better.

Depending on the color, enamel paint can have the consistency of water or the thickness of molasses. You may need to apply a certain amount of paint thinner to the paint in order to make sure it evenly and smoothly spreads across the subject matter. Paint thinner, by the way, is also used to clean the brushes and to remove unwanted spots and stains on hands, clothing, and other surfaces. However, remember it’s extremely unhealthy if swallowed or put into contact with the eyes.

Good air quality helps.

Enamel dries best in conditions with little humidity and slight but not immense air circulation. You should also remember to practice good ventilation when working with enamel, as the fumes can cause dizziness.

Finish with a sealant.

Sealants help protect the enamel from chipping but also from help repel dust that the oil-based paint will otherwise surely attract and hold like flypaper. Sealants typically come in spray-can format, and can be applied in seconds.

Sealants are available in high-gloss and matte finishes, which can help amplify your finished project’s shine or just give it a realistic texture. Because enamel paint is naturally lustrous, a matte finish should be used when working on subject matter (jewelry, statuary, models) that shouldn’t have a “shine” appearance.


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Tips to Price Custom Jewelry Orders

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Rule of thumb; never give a quote up front. Tell the client that once the custom handmade jewelry design has been approved you will get back to them within a week with the actual cost of fabricating the piece and the work contract. This is n important will give you an opportunity to price the work correctly. The client may want a rough estimate, stay firm and tell them you will give them the correct quote within a week. Make sure to send a written quote along with the contract within the specified time.

Remember to add you time to the final quote. Many times we think that if we charge too much they won’t hire us to complete the piece. Specify that you design time is also included in the final cost. Keep track of the cost of any gemstone and materials that you will be using to complete the order. Don’t forget to include the cost of shipping, particularly when you may be ordering specific part to complete the order. Always calculate the extra time that may take to complete a piece that requires some extra work because of the complexity of the design. Don’t be shy to charge for you work, people know that a custom handmade jewelry piece tends to be more expensive and they are prepared to pay for it.

Preparing a Custom Jewelry Work Agreement

Never work without a contract – A well written contract agreement will save you many headaches and problems when selling your jewelry. This contract has to be well defined and drafted clearly. The contract needs to be detailed enough to save you going into court and dispute and issue.

The contract needs to include the following information:

• You name, company name and information

• Client’s name and date when the order was placed

• Detail information of the jewelry piece you will be completing

• I also attach a copy of the final sketch and a photograph of the stone that will be used

• The contract should also include the amount of materials and their cost

• Include your hourly rate and an estimated amount of time it will take you complete the work. Include your design time and the time spent with the client.

• Always include a return policy in the contract; Custom work that is created as a special order is not returnable. My guarantee is that the piece will match the final design you approved including the dimensions, type of stone(s) and metals (gold or silver). Note that all handmade jewelry will differ slightly due to the nature of the craft and may include minor variations in the overall size of the piece(s) and/or minor

• The specific delivery date:

o Be realistic when setting the completion date. Take into consideration how long it will take for you supplies to arrive, as well as the actual shipping time to send the piece. As you know the unexpected can always happen. If there is an unforeseeable delay, let you client know. Keeping you costumer informed is not only good practice; it is also ethical and will help you keep your professional integrity.

• Terms of payment:

o I highly recommend getting a 50% non-refundable deposit up-front. Make it clear that no work will begin on the piece before the deposit clears. This will protect you in case there is a cancellation. Always wait to purchase any jewelry making supplies until you have received the down payment.

o I recommend including a statement that once the final sketch is approved you do not re-design or modify the piece. Include any measurements in the contract to add clarity to the final specifications. Altering a piece after you complete it is complicated and can be costly.

• Delivery arrangements:

o When a piece has to be shipped out of town, suggest that the client pay for insurance covering the value of the jewelry.

o Always send the item requesting a signature stating that the client received the jewelry. This will protect you in case the client claims that the work never got to them.

o Take a photo of the work before shipping and include the photo along with the packing slip.

o Call your client know that their jewelry is on their way. Follow up with an e-mail giving them the shipping track number. This is always good policy and gives you the paper trail. At the bottom of the contract, include an area for both you and the costumer sign and When this custom jewelry work agreement is ready, present it to your customer. Have two copies ready to be signed and give one to the client. Let your customers know that this agreement protects them as well as you, especially since they will pay you for at least part of the job up front.

Getting more clients to order custom work happens mostly from word of mouth, it is crucial that you build your reputation and make the client happy. Package you jewelry attractively, this enhances your work and the client will remember you. I always follow up with a personal note thanking them for ordering one of my custom handmade jewelry pieces.

In the note I ask if they would mind sending me a picture of them wearing the custom handmade jewelry piece. If they agree to give you a picture, ask if they mind you publishing the photo in your website. This is always helpful to promote and market your custom handmade jewelry and other design work.


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6 Most Creative Housewarming Gift Ideas for Art and Music Lovers

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If you have a friend who sees art and listen to music at all, you know what it is to receive a creative housewarming gift. More often that not, are handmade, the Earth and most importantly, are out of the ordinary. Simply put, they are simple, thoughtful, and directly from the heart. Thus, when it comes time to return the favor, only makes sense do the same thing for lovers of art and music. So what if your mind creatively do not bend as much as yours, shopping for gifts for art and music lovers can enjoy themselves. All you need is a vision of what ‘ impresses at ‘ les and the right place to search for gift ideas. Books

appreciate each artist and musician a book prepared in the field of art and ancient and contemporary techniques. For this reason, they make amazing gifts for all occasions. Since the release of a home is a great opportunity to present decorations to recipients, table Center books is something that can be considered. They not only add an elegant touch to the table, enjoying reading while sipping a hot drink always feels nice. However, is you and the budget that it has been decided by the gift, if you must buy an expensive book. In the event that you want to please your friend, but in a less expensive way, look for binding or copies of the paperback books they enjoy.

music collection

for a loving friend of music, there is no greater gift than the gift of music itself. He or she would likely have a great taste in music, most of what is commonly heard. Different genres, languages, different temperaments, his musician friend might have an inclination towards everything. You can compile his or her kind of music in an MP3 with songs like listen together so that he or she thinks while listening. You can even give them a music gift basket consists of DVDs of famous musicians from all over the world from various genres of music.

wall hanging gifts make ideal housewarming gifts. Please friend or loved one, which has recently bought or shifted to a new home, with a charming wall decor. You can spend a good amount of money in a prepared wall hanging. However, his friend would appreciate hand-made ornaments and handicraft items jazzy decoration. Take kinds of crafts Do It Yourself Online and create something wonderful according to the theme of your interior decoration. Framework

a charming frame brightens up the place the time is displayed. These days, frames are available in a variety of materials. Wood and metal that is the most favorite of all the material, often are preferred with engravings. Make the most special frame as a gift by a replica of the painting framing your favorite artist or someone who idolize him. You can even frame a forgotten the DOS box to bring back memories of the good old days. Tapestry

best of tapestry as a gift is that you yourself can do one and the effort you put into it really shows the complexities. However, Do It Yourself carpet costs more patience that costs money. So, along with it only if you think you have what it takes.

metal art

sculptures enhance the House and the garden with its elegance and rustic appearance. Artifacts of wrought-iron figures of brass, decorative pieces of amazing look in various fields and in all kinds of lighting. Moreover, much older, best the art of metal appears also in shape without effort. Make sure that choose not the first thing you see in the market. Put some thought into it to make your selection.

is advisable to have a set budget to buy are the best. However, if you have a tendency to go overboard you must purchase gifts online. The best quality products are reasonably priced, it is also available in a wide variety.


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How to Make Your Own Paper (From Your Old Jeans)

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would never desired had some use for your old jeans, stained, mangled? They are also chewed to donate to charity or even to make a decent pair of shortcuts, but you hate to send to the landfill. You could cut into squares of a quilt, but if you’re being honest, you probably never will get around what is and fabric will just occupy space in your wardrobe for the next five years. However, there is a great way to recycle old jeans and turn them into a new and useful product: by turning them into paper. All that is really required for the manufacture of paper is fibers of some sort, so the hardest part of using your jeans will be to separate the fibers.

1. to begin the process of breaking the fabric, cut it into squares about 1 inch (no need to be precise). Remove seams or anything else that is double layer since it will be very difficult to work with. The same thing in any metal part.

2. Configure a large boiling pot and tip in the jean material so that it is fully submerged. Leave on low boil for about an hour (not must boil). Some fibers should begin to break during this process, but much of the fabric can remain intact (although loosened).

3. the next step is going to sound a little strange, but it is probably the easiest finish breaking apart the fibres (lack of purchase of industrial equipment). Place about 1 cup of fabric in the processor of food along with 1 cup of water (the pot is very well), a cup of Elmer glue and a teaspoon of salt and cornstarch. Mix all the ingredients until the content is very mild. Repeat until all the jean material is pulp. (* If you do this often, the blade will quickly become Matt, so it can have a food processor dedicated to the boat so that you use it for food is nice and strong when you go to make the pesto).

4. for the next step, you will need a frame (which is the size that you want your paper to be. You can use an old window screen (which can make fairly large leaves), staple the mesh in a smaller frame, or simply use a piece of heavy felt cut to size. Please note that different frames will produce different paper textures, so feel free to experiment. Once your jean, simply pour pulp is mixed in the box (you may want to do this over the sink for easy cleaning).

5. the bulk of its work will be determined by how much paste pour onto the frame, so start slowly. When the box is full, evenly press the pulp with your hands or use a roller to press flat. Add more if you think too thin. If leftover pulp, save it for later in a sealed jar or bucket.

6. Place your frames to dry for twenty-four hours in an area that has low humidity (a wet basement will not do the trick and you won’t want to leave outdoors during the night, either).

7. When the paper is dry, simply remove the frame. With practice, you can do sheets of thickness approximately equal each time, so don’t get discouraged if it seems irregular or lumpy at first. Use the handmade paper for stationary, cardboard or packing paper and dressed up with some embossed metallic thread tools and seals.


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Benefits of Owning a Sewing Table

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If you are a fan of sewing or simply enjoy relaxing hobbies, a sewing table can be a great addition to your home. Art table is an essential piece of furniture for people who want to work on projects made by hand, especially if you have a hobby or a sewing room dedicated to your favorite activities. It can use for sewing, make others crafts and store them supplies.

there are many reasons why the people choose buy tables of Couture for its projects of art rather than use tables ordinary that already possess. On the one hand, a table of art should be the perfect size. Most people does not have much space to spare. If you live in a house or an apartment, the space can be a bit of a problem. Over the years, people tend to accumulate possessions, furniture, clothes and decorations. You could be thinking of devoting one of the tables that you have specifically for your sewing and development, but it is not always a good idea in practice. Tables ordinary are bulky, and while that occupy space, does not provide any storage of information. On the other hand a table of seam is it sufficiently small to not be in your road, and offers much space of storage.

tables of machines of sewing are designed to be versatile. You can put a sewing table in your entertainment room or anywhere where you have free space. If you have a special room where you like to sew and work in other trades, an art table is an essential piece of furniture. It can be used to sew and work on other projects. The great thing about sewing machine cabinets is that you can use tables for what you want. In addition to sewing, you can use this space for any ongoing projects including painting, fabric, ceramic or even scrapbooking.

one of the biggest advantages to owning a table of machine sewing is having a special place for your home and your art supplies projects. While sewing tables come in a variety of sizes and designs, most include extra storage for accessories and supplies. Some cabinets sewing machine even with a space underneath the table where you can store your sewing machine when they are not using. You can organize and store all your art supplies in one place. You can also leave unfinished projects at the top without clean, so that you can pick up your work where you left off.

craft tables are designed specifically for your convenience. They come in a variety of models, designs, colors and sizes, so you can choose the ideal for your home. You can even find one that matches the rest of your home decor and best reflects your personality. Sewing tables are small in size but big on functionality. With an own sewing Cabinet, you can finally have their own special place where you can store all your supplies and work on your projects without interruption. It is an essential piece of furniture for anyone who wants to work with his hands.


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How to Make Clay

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many people find great joy in the creation of ceramics, décor made of clay. While some simply carry out art as a hobby, others earn an amount of sculpted creations. Ceramic can consist in all it’s figurines made by hand and vases ornaments complex wheel spinning, statues and bowls. A way of making pottery is buy a craft shop clay, clay onto the wheel to Polish it, shape, place in the oven so that it hardens and then paint it.

there are several different types of clay that can be purchased and used. Six basic types are the clay, stoneware, porcelain, ball clay, clay and kaolin. Loza is a porous iron clay, cooked at low temperature. Gres is a mixture of clay fired at high temperatures. Porcelain is a mixture of clays and minerals that are fired at temperatures extremely high which turns white. Ball clay is a rare mineral that has a tendency to shrink when heated. Fire clay supports well heating and can be used to create complex objects. Kaolin is a pure and white clay that can be fired at high temperatures.

Although the art of pottery items and Home News talent, authenticity can be even more domestic using a recipe for clay scratch on their products. Homemade clay is easy and fun to make. His hobby is also more cost efficient, which makes less expensive or increases any winnings from their work. Basic recipes can easily be conducted by children and adults together to sculpt a variety of ceramic creations. Consider the following great recipes homemade clay.

recipe 1-air hardened ceramic

ingredients:
* 2 cups water
* 3 oz sugar free jelly of lemon
* 2 cups flour
* 4 tablespoons of cream of tartar
* 1 cup salt
* 2 tablespoons vegetable oil

address:
* put water to boil in a pan on fire.

* in a kitchen pan, mix the flour, gelatin, cream of tartar and salt.

* pour the water boiling in the bowl of flour mixture.

* add vegetable oil to the mixture.

* stir all ingredients to fire half until a ball of clay forms.

* place the ball on a plate for about 5 minutes to cool.

* once cool, knead the clay ball.

* use clay to create a ceramic sculpture.

* allow the piece to harden for at least 24 hours (may take longer depending on the density of the atmosphere and the project).

* clay can then be painted if desired.

* store any clay unused in an airtight container or bag.

recipe 2 – ceramic bake

ingredients:
* 2 cups flour
* 1 cup salt
* 1½ tablespoons oil
* 1 cup water directions

:
* add all ingredients together in a bowl until it is soft.

* form of sculpture.

* bake in oven at 250 degrees Fahrenheit for 45 minutes to an hour to the hardened clay.

* allow ceramic to cool.

* paint and lacquer if desired.

If you do not want to paint pottery once hardened, coloring, you can add both recipes if desired.

enjoy making your clay and make creative ceramics!


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Cool Birthday Gifts: 16 Great Ideas for an Exciting Sweet 16

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turning 16 is an important milestone in the life of his friend. It is the time when young girls become ladies. How can I make his best friend special 16 sweet?

here are 16 things you can do with some birthday gifts for her fresh to make his 16 birthday memorable.

1. call or text when the clock strikes 12 and be the first to greet her.

2. post some nice pictures of the two on his Facebook Wall and send you a birthday greeting.

3. If you’re in school, have 16 companions your balloon throughout the day until she gets 16 balloons in any hand. Add cute notes or birthday to each balloon.

4. a giant handmade birthday card and all the friends write a birthday message.

5. Sixteen is usually the time when you get your driver’s license. If your best friend going to the DMV to get your license, they accompany her. She will appreciate your presence as she marks an important point in his life.

6. After she gets her license, I invite you to that leads to the spa and treating her to a day of pampering. They have nail color matching to solidify their friendship. If this is too expensive, can ask Mall or the arcade where you can enjoy the day out.

7. If she is to get a car for her birthday, she can make a car gift basket. Put an air freshener, window cleaner, road map and a road emergency kit. She finds this useful as she is driving his new car.

8. for something very personal, you can create a birthdays of friends and family video message. Just get your video camera and ask your MOM, Dad, brothers and friends to say a short message. Transfer it to a DVD. It is something is treasured and can see again and again.

9. Another great idea is to make a photo album or a book of photos. If you have been friends for years, then you probably have photos from when you were little. Include this in the book. You will be able to create lasting memories that she can look back on years from now.

10. If she likes the music, you can create a CD of his favorite songs.

11. If you like to bake, you can do your 16 cupcakes. Food is always appreciated especially when it is homemade.

12. If you are on a budget, you can take it to the dollar store. Tell her that she can choose any 16 item you want to.

13. If she is the sentimental type, he writes a letter stating the 16 reasons why you love. This will no doubt bring tears to your eyes and guarantees the best friends forever.

14. If she has a lot of trinkets and baubles, you can give your Butterfly jewelry box so she can store all your precious items.

15. If you like crafts, you can make a friendship bracelet for it symbolize the deep and lasting bond the two of you have.

16. Nothing marks the beginning of a better than a surprise 16th birthday party. Coordinate with their parents to organize one. Invite all your family and close friends to celebrate this historic day of his life.

just celebrating its sweet 16 once, so make sure that it’s a birthday you will remember for the rest of his life.


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Cheer Up Your Bathing Mood With Aromatherapy Bath Bombs

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Aromatherapy is effective wonders not only for massages but also for your warm tub bathtub. The soothing scents of vital oils blend with the warm h2o and give you a enjoyable sense. Your worn out muscle mass get invigorated in a exclusive way. Nonetheless you can have far more rest if you decide for handmade warm tub fragrance recipes.

Try out utilizing different scents

It is really not very hard to generate the right fragrance for your warm tub bathtub. You can make different scents and use them for different functions. If you want to love total rest, you can attempt Lavender based scents. On the other hand if you want to promote your mind and body you can decide for scents with mint.

Get refreshed with vital oils

If you use vital oils in your warm tub bathtub, you will sense refreshed. The simple oils used in aromatherapy aid to soothe your body and mind. You can get aid from chilly and sinus. In addition these oils aid to eliminate germs in your foot and ease insignificant burns. The fundamental vital oils are extracted from Tea tree, Eucalyptus, Rosemary and Lavender. If you blend all these simple oils, you can enhance your health and fitness and get rid of all illnesses. Try out to use these simple oils even though having your bathtub and give a improve to your health and fitness. You can also ease your pressure and muscle ache with these oils.

Select the right scent for warm tub bathtub

In general warm tubs have a powerful odor of Chlorine. Consequently it is really important for you to know how the scent will mix with the odor of Chlorine. Some of the floral fragrances are overpowered by Chlorine. You can include citrus based as very well as clear smelling fragrances like Lemon Oil, Vanilla or Wintergreen. Additionally you can use floral scents like Lavender, Rose and Sweet Geranium as they are powerful more than enough for utilizing in warm tub. If you are not confident regardless of whether a unique aroma will odor very good in your tub, you can look at it with one liter h2o. You can spot one liter h2o from your tub in a plastic container and mix two drops of vital oils with it. You have to blend them very well and wait for a short span of time. Then you have to odor it for checking regardless of whether the combination is making any nice odor.

Create a warm tub fragrance

In order to cheer up your bathing mood, you need to know how to generate the right warm tub fragrance. You can include your ideal vital oils in Vodka and distilled h2o. Just blend ¼ cup unflavored Vodka with two cups distilled h2o and 10 drops vital oils in a clear container. The container need to have an airtight lid. You have to seal it tightly and then retain it in a interesting and dry spot for in the vicinity of about two months. Moreover you can generate the fragrance by including nice smelling flower petals in Vodka and purified h2o. Try out to use one cup of Rose petals to the combination and retain it in the same situation for two months. You can filter out and discard the petals soon after two months. Then you can include your ideal amount of money of fragrance to your tub.

Try out the various bath bomb recipes for utilizing aromatherapy vital oils and get your ideal fragrances for your warm tub bathtub. Glance for the very best spa retail outlet on the net and order the right oils to perk up your bathing mood in an unique way.

 

Gilding Leather

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is the application of thin sheets of gold or other metal alloy like copper or silver, to a surface. The leaves are hand or machine the hit until they are extremely malleable and thinner than the thickness of tissue paper. Gilding was often used as decoration in covers or picture frames in the past and gives the appearance of wealth objects. When applied to the finely detailed leather, carved the effect can be quite striking. Size

you will also need an adhesive or glue to glue leaves to the leather. This glue is called size. A commercial size base works perfectly. In addition, needed the cheesecloth or other lint-free cloth, brush a hard artist to apply the leaf and some Q-tips to remove excess gold leaf, such as a pair of square ended instead of pointed tweezers to move and place the pieces of gold leaf.

dye leather first

end of an ancient as skin radiance can be applied at the end. It gives brightness and contrast and a bit removes the shine of gold. Avoid solvents classified and choose one specifically designed for the gold. A top end of leather like Super brightness can be carved leather. If this is your first attempt at the Golden, you can practice on a piece of scrap leather, first to get the feel of.

go slowly!

apply the finishing lower only to those areas that will receive the gold. Go slowly and carefully here. If you make a mistake, wait until the lower finish is sticky and then scrape gently off with an x-Acto knife. Wait until the under-end is fully dried before applying the size.

to Taky

queues vary in the length of time required to achieve a sticky State and remain viable, and this time usually indicated in the tube or flask. When a small-sized, you probably need sticky glue within an hour and it remains viable for another twenty minutes or so. Use a small brush to apply glue only to those areas that received the finish underneath. Then check adhesion, bearing in mind that the glue could reach that State prior to the indicated in the bottle, depending on variables like the heat and humidity environmental.

go to the Gild

now is the time to apply the leaf. Wash your hands to remove any oil that may affect accession and raise the blade clamps and hands. Do it in a room of air currents, as the blade is thinner than tissue paper. If necessary, trim the sheet, use a blunt of the fingernail or butter knife, placing a Suede pad sheet. Then take the sheet and apply on the area size it was, stroking down with a WAD of cheesecloth, gently at first, then gradually increasing the pressure, by pressing the sheet size.

use the brush for an artist to tamp down the blade in the detail of the carving. A hard brush, 1/4 to 1/2 inch wide works well. Pay attention to the edges, making sure that it tamped down well for a nice finish. You can brush the excess bits of foil, save in a jar for touch-ups later. Until all parts that do not adhere to are swept the brush along the edges.

leaf touches end

can now rub the gold with a soft cloth to remove buffing and smooth any wrinkles. Once the glue is completely dry, you can rub the gold a little more vigorously to achieve an antique look. This rub away from gold foil, revealing the end of insufficient dimensioning and old. Don’t overdo it though and rub only in the high points of the size by rubbing in a line on the upper parts and crests. An antique finish can be then applied, followed by a lacquer or finished clear to protect the blade wear and staining.

use tools *

gold leaf (or other metal alloy) * final minor

old * antique finish (leather glow)

* top finished leather (Super luster)

* canvas or other lint

* glue

* square tweezers, brush artist

* Q-tips

* lacquer finish or clear

* dull knife butter

overview

* dyeing the leather to be gold or surrounding area

* apply a finish lower than the Golden zone

* apply glue to the end of minors; Wait until the adhesive before gold

* Pat Browning down, gently at first, then more firmly in the size

* Pula the Golden area with a cloth soft

* apply an antique finish, followed by a lacquer


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What Size Should a Handmade Greeting Card Layer Be?

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the most common size is a quarter inch larger than the piece of cardboard that you’re making a layer or mat. If that sounds big, it is not really. The layer, or the mat, is a quarter of inch more large in height and width, but only you gives a 1 / 8 “in each one of them four sides.

of course, you can make layers more large or more small for the appearance desired, but is is 1 / 4 “more large is the size more common that is uses a card making layer.

there are times that you want a layer of smaller halos to provide a touch of an accent color. As well as, there are times that a larger layer is attractive.

a word of CAUTION: when you choose to make a layer of smaller halos, as 1/4 “larger in width and height, only gives you a 1/8” in each of the four sides. This is when you need to take extra care in measuring and cutting with precision. Is that with a variation so small in sizes between the layers, is very obvious when is off; It will make your made greeting card hand less attractive.

let me give you another touch to make layers of mats for your handmade cards: measure your first layer stock from card to the nearest 1/4 “increase. Then it is easy to make the next layer because we recognize quickly measures 1/4 “, 1/2”, 3/4 “and one full inch.”

there will be times when the layer of the perfect size with an increase of 1/8 “because 1/4” simply does not look right for one reason or another. Will now have to learn to read 1/8 “, 3/8”, 5/8 “, 7/8”. The more you do, the easier it is.

If you go to any less than 1/16 “, need to be adjusted accordingly. To make the easy card, do everything possible to cut the layers in increments of 1/4 “. You will find most common layer size will be that it will be 1/4 “larger.

too many times I’ve seen take card manufacturers a piece of cardboard to the cutting machine and the court regardless of the size to which being cut. Then when you want to make a coat for him, “eyeball” instead of measuring the cut layer. This almost always makes a tilted mat and is downright sexy.

layers for your handmade greeting cards is easier when trying to keep the layers to 1/4 “measures.


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Best Glues and Adhesives For Handmade Cards

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the best glues for handmade cards is the types of glue that adheres to the materials you choose with your handmade cards. Some queues are for specific materials, such as paper and do not work well with other materials, such as fabric. The best glues to make handmade cards is that adhere indefinitely and will not disrupt the final design of the card with unsightly lumps or excess glue dry.

to the make cards made hand, also can come to know that there are other forms for adhering materials that not involve glue. For example, many experienced craftsmen made card hand sewn items and ornaments on their cards instead of using glue. Others find that it double sided tape or adhesive spray work better with the types of hand made cards that create.

here there is a breakdown of the types of common materials used to make handmade cards and the best glues or adhesives for this type of material:

adhere the paper to the paper
glue paper to paper is the most common combination used for the manufacture of handmade cards. The best types of glue used for hand made cards when working with paper are those types of glues and adhesives that do not create lumps. Double-sided permanent tape is a great adhesive for use when attaching the paper to other pieces of paper. Double-sided tape allows the crafter more control over where the adhesive is placed and is a very flat type of adhesive that will not result in lumps on the cards. Many scrapbookers choose double-sided as your primary adhesive tape when working with attached photos and other mementos of paper in a scrapbook. Paper ornaments accession


embellishments like buttons, silk flowers, and other small items, are often used to make homemade cards. There are some types of glue that to use these types of ornaments. Clear drying sticky glue work queue better, most of the time, as Elmer or Aleene tails, they are ideal for decorations attached to handmade cards. For a stronger adhesive, you can use a glue gun hot with dry clear glue sticks. When using transparent drying adhesives or glue sticks hot remember allow the glue to dry completely before handling the card again.

attach the fabric to the paper
different types of fabrics are a great way to add dimension and texture to a homemade card. If you use light, such as lace or cotton fabrics, you may consider using spray adhesive. Spray adhesives give the back of the fabric a pleasant light viscosity layer. Light viscosity allows you to attach the fabric to the card without any lumps. If you use a heavier fabric, such as denim, then you might consider sewing the edges of the fabric to your card or they can be considered a glue for fabric. When using glue for fabric should extend as thin glue and as evenly as possible. Once the fabric is in place, you could choose to take a bone folder or the edge of a ruler to straighten out until it dries. This will help ensure that there are no lumps or bubbles of air under the fabric.


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